Survey Links Teen Binge Drinking, Alcohol Brand References in Pop Music
Binge drinking by teenagers and young adults is strongly associated with liking, owning, and correctly identifying music that references alcohol by brand name, according to a study by the University of Pittsburgh and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Cancer Center.
These findings, based on a national randomized survey of more than 2,500 people aged 15 to 23, suggests that policy and educational interventions designed to limit the influence of alcohol brand references in popular music could be important in reducing alcohol consumption in teens and young adults. The results are published online in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
“Brand references may serve as advertising, even if they are not paid for by the industry,” says senior author James D. Sargent, MD, codirector of the Cancer Control Research Program at Norris Cotton Cancer Center and professor of pediatrics in the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.
Of the 2,541 participants who completed the survey, 1,488, or 59%, reported having had a complete alcoholic drink, defined as 12 oz of beer, 5 oz of wine or 1.5 oz of hard liquor. Of those, 18% reported binging at least monthly and 37% reported having had problems, such as injuries, due to alcohol.
“Every year, the average adolescent is exposed to about 3,000 references to alcohol brands while listening to music,” says lead author Brian A. Primack, MD, PhD, an associate professor of medicine and pediatrics and director of the Program for Research on Media and Health, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. “It is important that we understand the impact of these references to alcohol brands in an age group that can be negatively impacted by alcohol consumption.”
In the survey, which could be completed either through the Internet or on paper, participants were given the titles of popular songs with alcohol mentions and asked if they liked the song or owned the song. They were also tested to determine if they could spontaneously recall what brand of alcohol was mentioned in the song.
Survey participants who could correctly recall alcohol brands in songs had more than twice the odds of having had a complete alcoholic drink, compared to those who could not recall the alcohol brand, even after adjusting for factors including age, socioeconomic status, and alcohol use by a parent or friend. The participants who could identify the alcohol brands in songs also had greater odds of binge alcohol use.
“A surprising result of our analysis was that the association between recalling alcohol brands in popular music and alcohol drinking in adolescents was as strong as the influence of parental and peer drinking, and an adolescent’s tendency toward sensation-seeking,” says Primack. “This may illustrate the value that this age group places in the perceived opinions and actions of music stars.”
The authors suggest that one possible solution could be to empower adolescents with critical thinking skills. “Media literacy is a growing educational methodology that may be successful in helping young people make healthier decisions,” Pimrack says. “In the case of alcohol, it may be valuable to help them understand how alcohol brand references in music may manipulate their thoughts and emotions to sell them a product.”
— Source: Norris Cotton Cancer CenterDartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center