Study Sheds Light on Impact of COVID-19 on LGBTQ+ Businesses
Lightspeed, the one-stop commerce platform for merchants around the world to simplify, scale and create exceptional customer experiences, recently announced the results of a study on the impacts of COVID-19 on the LGBTQ+ North American business community.
Lightspeed commissioned the exploratory study to Carleton University's Sprott School of Business along with the support from Canada's LGBT+ Chamber of Commerce (CGLCC).This study is part of Lightspeed's overarching Community through Commerce initiative, which serves as a tactical, data-driven approach to better understand the businesses Lightspeed powers with its one-stop commerce platform. As such, Lightspeed sought to gather actual data that would support some of the assumptions made about the true impacts of COVID-19 on this community. As a next step in this initiative, Lightspeed will engage with local North American LGBTQ+ Chambers of Commerce to identify ways of helping merchants continue to build thriving businesses.
Lightspeed's inaugural Global Diversity and Inclusion survey revealed that 16.81% of its global employees identify as LGBTQ+ and 9 out of 10 report that they feel comfortable talking about their culture and background with their colleagues. 83% of survey respondents feel they can be their authentic selves in the workplace.
"Lightspeed was founded in 2005, in Montreal's gay village and its original members were all part of the LGBTQ+ community. The ethos of our business has always been about diversity and inclusion from the very start, so it shouldn't come as a surprise that this research was particularly important to us," says Dax Dasilva, founder and CEO of Lightspeed. "Both in the US and in Canada, majority-owned LGBTQ+ businesses generate trillions of dollars of contributions to the total GDP. Given their importance and influence on our economies, we wanted to understand exactly how the pandemic has affected this community and start a conversation with businesses and chambers of commerce, to help us build even better tools for resiliency."
Purpose of the study:
- To assess whether there has been a disproportionately negative or positive impact from the pandemic on LGBTQ+ businesses and entrepreneurs.
- To explore whether LGBTQ+ businesses, in responding to the COVID-19 crisis, have explicitly turned to or benefited from gay villages/neighbourhoods and/or similar community organizations.
- To explore the options for investment and support that respondents perceive as necessary or helpful for post-pandemic recovery.
According to qualitative data gathered from the study, gay villages saw a disproportionate amount of closures, boarded up storefronts, and high rents compared with the rest of the LGBTQ+ led business community.
- The types of businesses located in the villages are mostly retail, restaurants, bars and entertainment, which, according to Statistics Canada, were hardest hit during the pandemic.
- Real gross domestic product (GDP) of food services and drinking places fell 39.5% in March 2020 and by another 40.8% in April 2020 as many of these businesses either closed completely or operated at a greatly reduced capacity, providing take-out or delivery services exclusively.
- More than one-half (56%) of food service and drinking place operators reported being closed at some point last April, while 41% reported being closed for the entire month.
- By the end of April 2020, sales in the food services and drinking places subsector fell 61.3% from prepandemic levels observed in February 2020.
- Similarly in the United States, the National Restaurant Association reported that restaurant and food-service sales were $240 billion below their 2020 prepandemic forecasts.
- 110,000 eating and drinking establishments closed either temporarily or for good, and 2.5 million restaurant industry jobs disappeared.
- Our study showed that villages were not seen to be fostering business and entrepreneurship or providing a community or resources for businesses outside of retail and hospitality.
- Greater collaboration and partnership with Economic Development and the BIAs (Business Improvement Area) could bolster the opportunities in the gay villages.
- There is an opportunity for villages to promote diversity within LGBTQ+ businesses in their services and outreach, and to become safe spaces and hubs of innovation.
- Gay villages (areas or neighborhoods) are seen to have a strong social fabric, tight knit communities, with the potential to reach out to intersectional community members.
- There is an opportunity for villages to reach out to and bring in young entrepreneurs and businesspeople, who value the community and opportunity to collaborate.
Women entrepreneurs and business owners are significantly underrepresented in LGBTQ+ businesses and greater attention is needed to develop more opportunities and support for intersectionality amongst the community.
- Participants in the study were predominantly male (70%) reflecting nationwide studies showing that 80% of businesses had majority male ownership in the United States (United States Census Bureau) and 79% in Canada (Statistics Canada).
- The majority of respondents did not identify as intersectional (80%).
Study reveals that Canada is lagging behind the United States in recognizing LGBTQ+ businesses for preferential spending, procurement, and relief funds.
- In the United States, recognition is occurring at the city and state level, with strong movement toward federal recognition of LGBTQ+ businesses.
- As of January 2021, New York City recognized LGBTQ-owned companies as minority-owned businesses, making them eligible for billions in city contracts, as well as access to consulting, mentorship, educational programs, and other resources.
- In Canada, however, the federal government lags behind in recognition of the LGBTQ+ business community within the same categorization, which prevents them from benefiting from government funds.
- Small businesses/new entrepreneurs want to have a range of finance options, including loans, grants and investment.
- Intersectional business owners found it especially challenging to gain access to funding.
- This exploratory study focused on businesses in six North American cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, San Francisco, New York, and Los Angeles.
- There were two parts to the exploratory study: a survey of business leaders and interviews with leaders of organizations that represent, support, or advocate for the LGBTQ+ business community.
- Survey: The pilot survey was open to any senior executive or founder of a business that is majority owned by a self-identified member of the LGBTQ+ community.
- Interviews: Structured interviews were conducted with leaders of the LGBT Chambers of Commerce, with leaders of similar advocacy organizations and with LGBTQ+ business leaders.
- A wide range of businesses were included, varying in size and sector, mainly service and technology-based businesses.
- The demographics presented in the findings may be reflective of our approach to participants through city business Chambers, with the Canadian Chambers as the main partners.
- This study is replicable in more cities and across a greater number of industries.
- The survey was available in both English and French with data being gathered from May 2021 and is current as of the publication date of this release.
"Our research team at Carleton University was pleased to undertake this exciting research. The findings of our exploratory study demonstrate the need to better understand the LGBTQ2S+ business community and the opportunities that exist to realize the full potential of LGBTQ2S+ entrepreneurs and businesses, which already make a significant contribution to the Canadian and American economies" says Dr. Dana Brown, dean at Carleton University's Sprott School of Business along with Dr. Alastair Summerlee, adjunct professor, and Dr. Rick Colbourne, assistant dean, Equity and Inclusive Communities.
The study also confirmed trends that Lightspeed reported during its third quarter earnings regarding revenue growth in Australia which had recently reopened its economy. Much like those findings revealed, LGBTQ+ respondents of our North American study said that they were intentionally buying local and supporting cities and neighborhoods to recover. This was also in line with our pan-European consumer behaviour results, which showed that Europeans have been returning to in-person dining and willing to pay more, tip more, and prioritize local restaurants over chains.
The study remains open in order to capture evolving North American trends. Leaders/founders of LGBTQ+ majority owned businesses can participate anonymously by going to https://carletonu.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_bIaKhXjubYRqzrM.
It is also being extended to the United Kingdom where it will be led by the University of Southampton Center for Inclusive and Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation, in partnership with the Innovation Hub and Sprott School of Business at Carleton University.
Source: Lightspeed POS Inc